Studio mixing techniques

Types of microphones – architecture, and polar curves.
Architecture and principles
Dynamic Microphones
Condenser microphones
Ribbon microphones
Polar curves
Uses
Panoramic configuration

Mixing Techniques:
Piano
Voice
Strings
Woodwinds
Brass
Percussion
Pop/Rock Instruments

Stereo
Stereo recordings: parameters
– Location
– Timbre’s definition
– Depth
– Spaciousness
Types of stereo pairs
– Coincident pairs
– Quasi-coincident pairs
– Spaced pairs

The mixer: architecture and uses.
Connections
Levels
Architecture of the mixer
Input modules
Bars mixing
Output stage (master)
Circuit diagrams
Types of use
The mixer live
The studio mixer

Introduction to the amplification systems: Diffusion and monitoring.
The amplification chain
Amplifiers
Speakers
Crossover
Horizontal and vertical diffusion
Monitoring

Multi-track recording and mixing techniques.
Methodologies
The chain of multi-track recording
Recording session procedures
Recording levels
Monitoring
Punch-in
Mixing
Outboard gear
Equalizers and filters
Dynamic Controls
Time-Based Controls

The stereo
The perceived directionality of the sound
Time difference
Intensity difference
The cone of confusion and HRTF
The effect of previously
Shooting and stereophonic listening

Beyond the stereo
History and configurations: the sound in the cinema
First experiments
The Dolby Surround
The Surround 5.1 and beyond
History and configurations: Audio Spatialization
The quad
Ambisonics
Ambiophonics
The spatialization in electroacoustic music
The perception of sound in audio spatialization
The LFE channel
Perception of timbre and localization
Phantom images